What Is Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a condition where the plaque bacteria in your mouth are destroying the bone supporting the teeth causing the teeth to become loose and the gums to be inflamed and bleed. In the recent past there have been many published studies linking periodontal disease to heart disease, diabetes, alzheimer’s and many other systemic diseases.
When a person has periodontal disease, the bacteria are in the gum pockets causing a continuous inflammatory reaction in the body. Unless elsewhere in the body, the bacteria causing periodontal disease are always present in the mouth. Your mouth is a safe harbor for bacteria as it warm, moist and has a continuous source of food. It is possible to have the inflammatory reaction under control but it requires commitment on your part.
What Is Deep Cleaning?
The first step in scaling and root planning, this is where your dentist or hygienist does a deep cleaning of the teeth. Your dental hygienist uses either an ultrasonic instrument or manual instrument to physically remove the plaque and tartar. Some patients may need to be anesthetized before the deep cleaning is performed. Deep cleaning is not a onetime treatment. These periodontal pockets are deeper than 4 mm. When the tooth brush is angled correctly while brushing your teeth, the bristles reach 1-2 mm below the gum line. Since these pockets are deeper than the depth the tooth brush bristle reach, you may need to get your teeth cleaned more frequently than every 6 months
How Can Dental Lasers Help Periodontal Disease?
Bacteria that cause periodontal disease are attached not only to the teeth but also to the gum. After the deep cleaning is done, the bacteria on the teeth are removed but those in the gum/ periodontal pocket are still present. Dental lasers can kill the bacteria in the pocket. These dental lasers decrease the amount of inflammation and thereby reduce bleeding gums.
Since the amount of bleeding and inflammation are decreased by the use of dental laser, the pain and discomfort after the procedure is also significantly less. In addition to all these benefits, dental lasers stimulate stem cells and aid in regeneration of bone and tissue.
What Is The Role Of Ozone In Periodontal Disease Therapy?
All of us know that ozone is used to disinfect the water lines.
Dental applications of Ozone are tremendous. The bacteria that cause periodontal disease are anaerobic or oxygen hating bacteria. After Scaling and root planing is done, and the pockets are disinfected with a dental laser. The ozone is delivered to the site of the periodontal pocket. The ozone releases oxygen making the pocket unfavorable to oxygen hating bacteria to regrow.
There is a strong correlation between diabetes, cardiac diseases and periodontal disease. Untreated periodontal disease may make your CRP consistently high making it harder to get other systemic diseases under control.
If you would like more information about any of these procedures, call us at 972-245-3455.
Or visit us at www.carrollton-smiles.com